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電梯常見問題問答

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電梯常見問題問答

發布日期:2018-02-01 作者:貴州電梯 點擊:

電梯常見問題問答

貴州電梯

Questions and answers to common questions of elevator

1、電梯是如何運行起來的?

1. How does the elevator run?

電梯有一個轎廂和一個對重,通過鋼絲繩將它們連接起來,鋼絲繩通過驅動裝置(曳引機)的曳引帶動,使電梯轎廂和對重在電梯內導軌上做上下運動。

The elevator has a car and a pair of weights. It is connected by wire rope. The wire rope is driven by the traction device (traction machine) to make the elevator car and the elevator move up and down on the guide rail of the elevator.

2、電梯的鋼絲繩是否會斷?

2. Is the wire rope broken in the elevator?

電梯用的鋼絲繩是電梯專用的,國家有專門的規定和要求。鋼絲繩的配置不隻是為承擔電梯轎廂和額定載重量,還考慮到了曳引力的大小,因此,鋼絲繩的抗拉強度大大的大於電梯的載重量,它們的安全係數都在12以上,通常電梯都配有四根以上的鋼絲繩,一般情況下電梯鋼絲繩是不會同時斷的。

The steel wire rope used in the elevator is special for the elevator, and the state has special regulations and requirements. The wire rope configuration not only for take the elevator car and rated load, but also taking into account the traction force size, therefore, the tensile strength of steel wire rope is much larger than the load of the elevator, the safety coefficient are above 12, usually lift more than four are equipped with wire rope, general elevator the wire rope is not broken at the same time.

3、電梯運行中突然停電是否有危險?

3. Is there a danger of sudden blackouts in the elevator operation?

電梯運行中如遇到突然停電或供電線路出現故障,電梯會自動停止運行,不會有什麽危險。因為電梯本身設有電氣、機械安全裝置,一旦停電,電梯的製動器會自動製動,使電梯不能運行。另外,供電部門如有計劃的停電,事先會通知的,電梯或提前停止運行。

In the operation of the elevator, if there is a sudden outage or failure of the power supply line, the elevator will stop running automatically, and there will be no danger.  Because the elevator itself has electrical and mechanical safety devices, once the power outages, the elevator brake will automatically brake, so that the elevator can not run. In addition, if the power supply department has a planned outage, the elevator will be notified in advance, and the elevator will be stopped in advance.

4、電梯運行突然加快怎麽辦?

4, how do the elevator run suddenly?

電梯的運行速度不論是上行還是下行,均應在規定的額定速度範圍內運行,一般不會超速,如果出現超速,在電梯控製係統內是有防超速裝置,此時,該裝置會自動動作,使電梯減速或停止運行。

The running speed of the elevator either upward or downward, shall be run at rated speed within the prescribed scope is generally not speeding, if speeding in the elevator control system is overspeed prevention device, at the same time, the device will automatically make the elevator movement, slow down or stop operation.

5、電梯轎廂超載能自動控製嗎?

5. Can the overloading of the elevator car be controlled automatically?

電梯的載重量根據需要有所不同,電梯隻能在規定載重量之內運行,超出時,電梯會自動報警,並不能運行。

The weight of the elevator is different according to the needs. The elevator can only run within the specified load. When the elevator is over, the elevator will automatically alarm and can not run.

6、電梯關門時被夾是否會對人造成傷害?

6, when the elevator closes, will the clip be hurt to the man?

電梯在關門過程中,如果廳轎門碰到人或物,門會自動重新開啟,不會傷人。因為在門上設有防夾人的開關,一旦門碰觸到人或物,此開關動作使電梯不能關門,並重新開啟,然後重新關門。另外,關門力是有規定的,不會達到傷人的程度。

In the course of closing the door, if the door meets people or things, the door will automatically reopen, and it will not hurt. Because there is a switchgear switch on the door, once the door touches people or objects, the switch can not close the door and reopen the door, then re close it. In addition, the closing force is prescribed and will not reach the extent of injury.

7、電梯的廳門能否扒開?

7. Can the elevator door open?

貴州電梯">貴州電梯的廳門在廳外是不能扒開的,必須用專用工具才能開啟(專用工具由維修人員掌管)。乘客是不準扒門的,更不能打開,否則會有墜落井道的危險。

Guizhou elevator hall door outside the hall can not be pulled open, must use special tools to open (special tools by the maintenance personnel control). Passengers are not allowed to pick up the door, more can not open, otherwise there will be the danger of falling well track.

8、怎樣召喚電梯?

8. How do you call the elevator?

當你需要乘坐電梯時,應在電梯廳的呼梯麵板上選擇你要去的方向按鈕。上行按“向上”方向按鈕,下行按“向下”方向按鈕。

When you need to take the elevator, choose the direction button you want to go on the elevator panel on the elevator panel. The upper line press the "upwards" direction button and the downward push button.

9、電梯蹲底和衝頂是否有防護措施?

9. Are there any protective measures for the bottom and the top of the elevator?

電梯蹲底就是電梯的轎廂在控製係統全都失效的情況下,會超越首層平層位置而向下行駛,直至蹲到底坑的緩衝器上停止。緩衝器就是為此而設置的防護裝置,此防護裝置根據電梯的運行速度的不同,分彈簧式和液壓式兩種。當轎廂蹲在緩衝器上就稱為蹲底。此時,緩衝器對電梯轎廂的衝擊力產生緩解的作用,不至於對電梯內乘客造成嚴重的傷害。

The elevator squats bottom is the elevator car, when the control system is all failed, it will go beyond the first level level position and go down until it crouches to the buffer on the bottom pit. The buffer is the protective device set for this purpose. According to the different speed of the elevator, this protective device divides two kinds of spring type and hydraulic type. When the car is squatted on the buffer, it is called a squatting bottom. At this time, the buffer has a relief effect on the impact force of the elevator car, and it does not cause serious damage to the passengers in the elevator.

10、當電梯突然停電或出現故障,被困在轎廂內則應注意些什麽?

10. When the elevator is suddenly blackout or malfunction, what should be noticed in the car?

當您被關在轎廂時,應聽從電梯司機的指揮,若無司機的狀況下,可通過通訊裝置與相關人員聯係,以求解救。千萬不要用力扒門或自行跳出,以免發生危險。

When you are locked in a car, you should obey the command of the driver of the elevator. If there is no driver, contact the relevant personnel through the communication device in order to save. Do not force the door or jump out of the door, so as not to be dangerous.

11、進入轎廂時應注意那些事項?

11. Should we pay attention to those items when entering the car?

當您進入轎廂時,如果電梯門開著,要看一下電梯是否在平層位置,特別是在夜間光線不清的時候,更應注意轎廂是否在本層,否則有可能造成傷害,並應快進快出。

When you enter the car, if the elevator door is open, we need to see if the elevator is in the level position. Especially when the light is not clear at night, we should pay more attention to whether the car is on the floor. Otherwise, it may cause injury and should be fast and fast.

12、電梯安裝、修理單位及維修、操作人員是否應取得相應資格?

12. Should the elevator installation and repair units and the maintenance and operation personnel be qualified?

是的。電梯安裝、維修保養、改造單位應取得質量技術監督局核發的資格證書後,方可從事相應工作;電梯安裝、維修保養、電梯操作人員均應取得特種人員操作證後,持證上崗。

Yes. The elevator installation, maintenance and transformation unit shall get the qualification certificate issued by the quality and Technical Supervision Bureau before engaging in the corresponding work; the elevator installation, maintenance and elevator operators shall obtain the special personnel operation license and hold the certificate.

13、電梯出現什麽緊急情況可撥打110?

13. What is the emergency of the elevator to call 110?

當電梯出現緊急事故,有傷人、困人(人員被困在電梯轎廂內,無法找到電梯維修保養人員)情況,均可撥打110報警電話。

When there is an emergency in the elevator, there are people who are hurting, trapped (trapped in the elevator car, unable to find elevator maintenance personnel). You can call the 110 alarm phones.

14、電梯出現什麽情況下可進行質量或安全投訴?

14. What is the case where the elevator can make a complaint of quality or safety?

當電梯經常出現關門、夾人、不平層、衝頂、蹲底、電梯司機或維修人員無上崗證、司機經常脫崗、轎廂內無檢驗合格證或合格證過期,電梯有異常噪音或聲響,異常振動或抖動,轎廂內有異常焦糊味,電梯速度過快或過慢,維修保養不及時,電梯轎廂內無通訊或報警裝置等,均可進行質量或安全投訴.

When the elevator often closed, clamping, rough layer, top, bottom, squat lift driver or maintenance personnel without a license, the driver often off-site, car inspection certificate or the certificate has expired, the abnormal noise or sound lift, abnormal vibration or jitter, the car abnormal smell lift, speed too fast or too slow, maintenance is not timely, the elevator car without communication or alarm device, can carry out quality or safety complaints.

15、對電梯報警或投訴時應說清什麽內容?

15. What should be said about the elevator alarm or complaint?

應說清電梯的具體情況,並應說清電梯所在的具體位置、電梯的產權單位及負責部門的聯係人和聯係電話、電梯的維修保養單位及聯係電話。

It should be clear about the specific conditions of elevator, and it should be clear about the specific locations of elevator, the property right unit of elevator, the contact person and telephones of responsible department, the maintenance and maintenance unit of elevator, and the telephones number.


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